Whenever we hear the word calcium, we think of good and healthy bones. But do you know that high heart calcium score is dangerous for your heart health? In fact, calcium heart scan must be done for necessary conditions. This scan helps to get the right treatment. What is a coronary calcium scan? And what happens to your body if the score is high? What is the treatment of high heart calcium score? You can find the answers to all these questions in the article.
This scan takes picture of your heart to know if there is a risk of heart attacks. It is a CT scan. By this scan the doctor can get pictures of your arteries, and the vessels of the heart to know calcium score. This scan has different names like coronary calcium scan, calcium scan test and cardiac CT for calcium scoring. When calcium score is high, it means that there is plaque in the arteries of the heart. Also it can grow and hinder blood flow to the muscles of the heart. This scan measures calcium in the arteries which helps your doctor to know if there is a possible coronary artery disease even before the symptoms occur.
Furthermore, the result of the scan helps the doctor to decide either to give you medications or to give you instructions to change your lifestyle. So, you can reduce the risk of heart attack or other heart diseases. This test is quick and harmless. Actually, the rays don’t stay in the patient’s body after the scan. The used type of x-ray doesn’t cause often side effects.
When the scan finds a plaque in your arteries which is made of fat and calcium, it means that your heart is at risk. At the beginning this plaque is waxy, but it becomes solid over time. Doctors called it “calcified” plaque which causes two problems. Firstly, it hinders your blood flow. As a result, some parts of your body lack the oxygen. You may experience chest pain and discomfort, known as angina. Secondly, this plaque can suddenly burst causing a blood clot. Consequently, it may cause a heart attack. So you may have a plaque of fat, calcium and cholesterol without feeling any symptoms at the beginning. Therefore, the scan helps you discover the problem early.
You doctor decides if scan is important for you or not. It can help to identify the treatment in case you have a low to moderate risk of heart disease. Also it can help to figure out if your heart disease risk isn’t clear enough. Since you expose your body to radiation during the scan, you have to make sure that it is important and helpful for your condition. Your doctor tells you how likely you are to get heart attack or heart disease depending on: your age, your blood pressure, your cholesterol level, and your gender. Also whether you smoke or not.
So heart scan shows if you have a moderate, low or medium chance of heart disease. Thus, no calcium appears in the scan, if the chance of heart disease is low. But the scan shows high heart calcium score in case you have a high chance. Also if the chance of heart disease is medium, the doctor gives you instructions to avoid it.
According to the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, some people should avoid a heart scan because it may not be recommended for them.
If your score is 100 to 300 degrees, it means that your heart calcium score is high. Actually, the higher the score is, the more risk of heart attacks you may have during the three or five next years. Moreover, if it is more than 300 degrees, you may have a severe risk of heart diseases. You will be given instructions from your doctor to follow.
Statins and other medications that lower LDL cholesterol help to treat high heart calcium score and reduce inflammation. In fact, there are lists of foods and alternatives that can help reducing your heart calcium score.
It helps to block the absorption of cholesterol and reduce LDL level.
It has isoflavones which is like estrogen (has no negative side effects on men). It works to increase the number of LDL cholesterol receptors in the liver. Hence, it lowers the risk of heart diseases.
It works to lower LDL cholesterol levels. Also it can stop artery- clogging plaque, if it is at its earlier stages.
Help to lower heart disease risks.
They have plant hormones that lower cholesterol levels. Not only that, but also they have beta-glucan which works as a sponge to absorb LDL.
It contains omega-3 fatty acids which help to prevent inflammation and reduce the risk of heart disease and atherosclerosis.
They contain soluble fiber and antioxidants which work to reduce blood clotting and prevent atherosclerosis.
At the end, you shouldn’t make heart calcium scan unless your doctor asks you to make it. Healthy lifestyle, healthy foods and medications are important treatment for high heart calcium score.