Categories: general

The List.. Names of the Most Common Heart Diseases!

Due to the pressurizing nature of the age we live in, many people suffer from heart diseases. Heart diseases are amongst the highly dangerous diseases that plague man. According to American studies, one person dies every 36 seconds in the United States because of cardiovascular disease. In fact, heart disease is the second dangerous and killing disease after cancer. Diabetes, obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol use and other causes lead to heart disease.

Heart Mechanism!

The circulatory system depends on the heart . It is the organ responsible for delivering blood to all parts of the body. The heart is a muscle and blood pumper throughout circulatory system. There are two parts in the heart( left side- right side). Each has a different function. The left side is responsible for receiving oxygen-rich blood from the lungs and delivering it through the arteries to the whole body. The right side is responsible for receiving oxygen-poor blood from the veins and pumping it to the lungs. Also it disposes of carbon dioxide.

 

Causes of heart diseases

Do you smoke or drink alcohol? Unfortunately, these bad habits increase the risk of heart diseases. Smoking damages the lungs definitely. When you inhale chemicals, you destroy your lungs. Additionally, smoking causes artery problems, heart attack and strokes. It impacts HDL (good) cholesterol to go down and raises LDL (bad) cholesterol which causes blockages. So it harms the cardiovascular health. It thickens the blood and harms the blood circulation, as a result, the heart suffers. Drinking alcohol excessively leads to high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats called (arrhythmia)and heart failure. A type of fat in the blood known as triglycerides raises because of drinking alcohol.

Actually, obesity and overweight might cause heart diseases such as heart attack, stokes and vascular dementia. It causes higher levels of blood cholesterol and increases blood pressure. Not only that, obesity raises glucose in the blood. Thus, a damage occurs to the arteries leading to heart diseases.

Diabetes has a negative impact on heart health. High blood sugar level affects negatively your blood vessels which causes heart diseases. When the body cannot use sugar, it starts to store the sugar in the blood creating blockages. It damages the vessels and the blood circulation. Diabetes impacts the arteries and veins. It hinders the flow of the blood from and to the heart.

 

Some of the Most Common Heart Diseases

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy

Takotsubo is a Japanese word means a pot used to put octopus in it. They discovered that people ,who have this condition, have a certain shape of heart like this pot (Takotsubo). Actually, a sudden weakness of heart muscle causes Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. The reason of this condition is emotional stress, so it is known as broken-heart syndrome. People who suffer from this condition feel chest pain and breathlessness.

Coronary Artery Disease

It is the most common heart disease. The arteries that deliver blood to the heart are blocked with plaque. So the arteries harden and narrow. As a result, the heart does not get enough oxygen and the risk of  heart failure increases.

Arrhythmia

It refers to people who suffer from irregular heartbeat. When the electrical impulses have deficiency, the heartbeat is negatively affected. There are different types of arrhythmia, such as:

  1. Tachycardia: rapid heartbeat.

  2. Bradycardia: slow heartbeat.

  3. Premature contractions : earlier heartbeat than normal.

  4. Atrial fibrillation:

This means irregular heartbeats. People suffering from this should avoid caffeine, alcohol, fat, and salt.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

In this condition the heart muscle stretches and gets thinner. Heart attack, arrhythmias and toxins cause dilated cardiomyopathy. As a result, the heart becomes weak.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

It is an inherited health disease. The heart muscle walls become thick which can hinder the function of the heart to receive and pump out blood. According to the American Heart Association, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy condition is the main reason of cardiac death specially for athletes and persons aged under 35 years.

Mitral Valve Regurgitation

This means that the mitral valve in the heart has deficiency and does not close enough; as a result, the blood goes back to the heart. Also it causes pressure on the veins linked between the lungs and the heart. Therefore, heart failure can happen.

Congenital Heart Defects

Some people are born with heart diseases. Abnormal heart valves, septal defects and atresia are the types of congenital heart defect. Abnormal heart valves mean that the valves may leak blood. Septal defect means that the wall between the lower chambers or the upper chambers of the heart has a hole. Finally, atresia means that the heart has one valve only. According to the AHA, this defect occurs among children.

Myocardial Infarction

It refers to the case where the flow of the blood to the heart is being hindered because of plaque, a blood clot or both in a coronary artery. Thus, it can damage a part of the heart muscles. When an artery suddenly narrows, it can cause myocardial infarction.

Carotid Artery Disease

It happens when the carotid arteries narrow. Also when severe narrow occurs, it causes block of the blood flow to the brain. If there is a broken piece of plaque, it will hinder the flow of the blood resulting in a stroke.

Pericardial Disease

When inflammation occurs in the pericardium (the thin layer around the heart), it causes pericardial disease. There is a small quantity of liquid between the inner and outer layers of the pericardium which often increases because of the inflammation of the pericardium. People aged 20-50 years are the most common diagnosed with this disease. It is a moderate and controllable disease and it requires simple treatment. However, it can threatens the patient’s life. So, it is better to be diagnosed early.

Other Reasons for Heart Diseases

COVID- 19

In fact, many studies refer to the fact that Covid-19 survivors suffer from heart diseases. They discovered that Covid-19 patients had cardiac injury. About one-fourth of its patients have been diagnosed with cardiovascular complications. Scientists are still unsure about the effect of this epidemic on heart, especially that some Covid-19 recovered persons had no heart problems. Further research is required on this issue.

 

Panic Attack

These days so many people are struggling with anxiety and panic attack because of stress. Actually, there is a link between anxiety and heart diseases. Studies demonstrated that a quarter of patients of cardiovascular disease suffer from some anxiety problems. Also anxiety causes worse effect on heart condition. Panic attack symptoms concerning the heart are high blood pressure and a rapid heartbeat. Therefore, patients feel confused. They believe that this is heart attack. Anxiety and panic attack lead to the secretion of the stress hormone cortisol and other chemicals involved in the “fight or flight” reaction. All this may increase heart attacks and cardiac problems.

 

Finally, there are physical and psychological reasons that affect the health of our heart. There are also many diagnostic tests to have an early diagnosis of any heart problems. It is important to have a healthy lifestyle and stay away from stress in order to be safe from heart diseases.